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必威官网登录2018年6月英语六级写作详解,2018年

来源:http://www.fxjsrl.com 作者:必威官网登录 时间:2019-10-22 06:51

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译述评:

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级写作详解:

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级阅读真题:

  翻译要求大家具备两种能力:首先需要能准确理解文字呈现出来的含义,其次需要将文章翻译的准确、完整和逻辑通顺。此次四级卷三考查的是地铁这一交通运输工具,这篇文章浅显易懂,逻辑清晰,而且非常生活化,文中几乎不包含生僻的词汇。文章考查难点为首先是 “越来越多”这样的“越来越……”的表达;其次是动名词的翻译,考查学生是否能准确理解句子主干结构并转换为正确的译文。如“乘坐地铁正变得越来越方便”的主语是“乘坐地铁”,主语中包含了动词,所以要将句子变成动名词,对很多学生来说这是一个难点。整体来说,本试题难度中等,相比去年,考查的词汇和句型难度均有所下降。

  新东方在线的老师王兆飞认为今年的写作题目比较难,但是仔细看,还是有破解方法的。

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  来源:新东方

  以写作真题一为例:the importance of building trust between businesses and consumers,写公司和消费者,基本上就是卖家和买家他们建立信任的重要性。没有给别的多余信息,这样反倒好写。

  Section A

  作者:大连新东方马萍瑶老师

  看到这种题目,有可能想到的有五类范文,简单说,前四类是坏事、好事,不好不坏的事,有好有坏的事。这里就需要判断这篇作文反映的是好事、坏事还是有好有坏。文章既然让你写两者之间建立信任,那肯定是之前缺乏信任,缺乏信任肯定不是好事。所以这个基本上用我们所说的坏事的套路去写,基本上是写提出问题、解决问题、分析问题三步。

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  先来看范文。

  Did Sarah Josepha Hale write “Mary’s Little Lamb,” the eternal nursery rhyme (儿歌) about girl named Mary with a stubborn lamb? This is still disputed, but it’s clear that the woman 26 for writing it was one of America’s most fascinating 27 。 In honor of the poem publication on May 24,1830, here’s more about the 28 author’s life。

  Build Trust between Businesses and Consumers

  Hale wasn’t just a writer, she was also a 29 social advocate, and she was particularly 30 with an ideal New England, which she associated with abundant Thanksgiving meals that she claimed had “a deep moral influence,” she began a nationwide 31 to have a national holiday declared that would bring families together while celebrating the 32 festivals。 In 1863, after 17 years of advocacy including letters to five presidents, Hale got it。 President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War, issued a __33__ setting aside the last Thursday in November for the holiday。

  (提出问题)The past few years have witnessed a mounting number of cases resulting from the conflict between businesses and consumers。 Taking a look around, one can find examples too many to enumerate。 All these cases result in the loss of trust between the two sides。

  The true authorship of “Mary’s Little Lamb” is disputed。 According to New England Historical Society, Hale wrote only one part of the poem, but claimed authorship。 Regardless of the author, it seems that the poem was __34__by a real event。 When young Mary Sawyer was followed to school by a lamb in 1816, it caused some problems。 A bystander named John Roulstone wrote a poem about the event, then, at some point, Hale herself seems to have helped write it。 However, if a 1916 piece by her great-niece is to be trusted, Hale claimed for the __35__of her life that “Some other people pretended that someone else wrote the poem”。

  (分析问题)A number of factors can account for the problem, but the leading reason is the cheating behavior of either the business or the consumer。 On the one hand, some stores may have sold substandard commodities to the customer, which caused the latter to lose trust in the former。 On the other hand, some customers might be too picky, which ruined their image in the seller’s mind。 Whatever the reason is, if the situation is allowed to continue, the consequence will be worrisome。

  A) campaign I) proclamation

  (解决问题)In view of the seriousness of the problem, effective measures must be taken before the situation deteriorates。 First, it is imperative that laws and regulations be worked out and enforced to punish those who cheat in the market。 Secondly, both businesses and consumers should enhance the awareness of mutual understanding and mutual respect。 With these measures taken, we have every reason to believe that the problem will be remedied in the near future。

  B) career J) rectified

  可以看到范文与2017年12月四级的题很相似,相对容易,统一的都可以用提出问题、分析问题、解决问题的思路解决。

  C) characters K) reputed

  第一个,提出问题。

  D) features L) rest

  范文字面的意思是过去几年见证了越来越多的案件,由什么导致的案件呢?由买家和卖家矛盾所导致的案件。可以看到最后一句,所有的案件都会造成双方之间信任的缺失。但是要再深化一下原因,到底是什么东西造成了信任的缺失呢?因为你只有把原因找到了,后面再提建议,建议信任才能对症下药。

  E) fierce M) supposed

  接下来我们来看一下第二步:分析问题。很多因素都可以解释这个问题,但是主要原因是,卖家或者是买家,商家或者是消费者一方的欺骗性行为,无非是骗人了,详细说一下,可以举例子——一方面有些商店包括网店,可能卖一些次品给消费者,这就让顾客失去了对前者的信任;而另一方面,有一些消费者或者是顾客,准确说是顾客,可能太挑剔了,因为一点点毛病就把货给退了,甚至没有毛病,人家卖家说无理由退货,没有什么他真退货了,这就是破坏了卖家的形象。

  F) inspired N) traditional

  当然整篇文章围绕建立信任的重要性,我们可以从另外一个角度来写:如果没有信任会导致不好的结果,所以必须建立信任。所以范文中写了Whatever the reason is, if the situation is allowed to continue, the consequence will be worrisome。不管谁骗谁,如果这个趋势继续下去后果是令人担忧的,所以那就建立信任吧。

  G) latter O) versatile

  最后一个环节:解决问题。范文写的:鉴于问题的严重性,有效措施必须采取。重点是继续不信任对方肯定就不好了,后面分两个方面,首先很有必要,First, it is imperative that laws and regulations be worked out and enforced to punish those who cheat in the market就是制订并实施法律和规范,来惩罚那些在市场上骗人的人;另外就是Secondly, both businesses and consumers should enhance the awareness of mutual understanding and mutual respect。卖家和买家,公司和消费者都应该提高相互理解、相互尊敬的意识,最后With these measures taken, we have every reason to believe that the problem will be remedied in the near future。相信这个问题在不久的将来得到解决。

  H) obsessed

  (来源:新东方在线)

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it。 Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs。 Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived。 You may choose a paragraph more than once。 Each paragraph is marked with a letter。 Answer the question by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2。

  Peer Pressure Has a Positive Side

  A。 Parents of teenagers often view their children‘s friends with something like suspicion。 They worry that the adolescent peer group has the power to push its members into behavior that is foolish and even dangerous。 Such wariness is well founded: statistics show, for example, that a teenage driver with a same-age passenger in the car is at higher risk of a fatal crash than an adolescent driving alone or with an adult。

  B。 In a 2005 study, psychologist Laurence Steinberg of Temple University and his co-author, psychologist Margo Gardner, then at Temple, divided 306 people into three age groups: young adolescents, with a mean age of 14; older adolescents, with a mean age of 19; and adults, aged 24 and older。 Subjects played a computerized driving game in which the player must avoid crashing into a wall that materializes, without warning, on the roadway。 Steinberg and Gardner randomly assigned some participants to play alone or with two same-age peers looking on。

  C。 Older adolescents scored about 50 percent higher on an index of risky driving when their peers were in the room—and the driving of early adolescents was fully twice as reckless when other young teens were around。 In contrast, adults behaved in similar ways regardless of whether they were on their own or observed by others。 “The presence of peers makes adolescents and youth, but not adults, more likely to take risks,” Steinberg and Gardner concluded。

  D。 Yet in the years following the publication of this study, Steinberg began to believe that this interpretation did not capture the whole picture。 As he and other researchers examined the question of why teens were more apt to take risks in the company of other teenagers, they came to suspect that a crowd‘s influence need not always be negative。 Now some experts are proposing that we should take advantage of the teen brain’s keen sensitivity to the presence of friends and leverage it to improve education。

  E。 In a 2011 study, Steinberg and his colleagues turned to functional MRI (磁共振) to investigate how the presence of peers affects the activity in the adolescent brain。 They scanned the brains of 40 teens and adults who were playing a virtual driving game designed to test whether players would brake at a yellow light or speed on through the crossroad。

  F。 The brains of teenagers, but not adults, showed greater activity in two regions associated with rewards when they were being observed by same-age peers than when alone。 In other words, rewards are more intense for teens when they are with peers, which motivates them to pursue higher-risk experiences that might bring a big payoff (such as the thrill of just making the light before it turns red)。 But Steinberg suspected this tendency could also have its advantages。 In his latest experiment, published online in August, Steinberg and his colleagues used a computerized version of a card game called the Iowa Gambling Task to investigate how the presence of peers affects the way young people gather and apply information。

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