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2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读解析,2018年6月英

来源:http://www.fxjsrl.com 作者:必威官网登录 时间:2019-10-22 06:51

  Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  与此同时,一些矛头也指向了长期执政的安倍政府。就在日本暴雨局势开始加剧的7月5日当晚,一张包括日本首相安倍晋三在内的日本自民党成员聚会的照片,经由社交网络传播后,迅速引爆了日本舆论。清酒、佳肴,一群自民党成员在天气预报已经提醒暴雨即将来袭的夜晚,却若无其事地休闲聚会,引发了日本反对党对安倍政府的一轮讨伐,认为这显示了安倍长期执政的傲慢。

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

责任编辑:赵润琰-WYX

  C) She was converted in to a hospital ship。

  Passage One

图片 1赵先生母亲家被洪水浸泡后狼藉一片。(图片源于澎湃新闻)

  B) Settle in an urban area。 D) Live in a green environment。

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  与此同时,天灾还是人祸,也在日本社会引起了讨论。

  C) The assumption that they were built with the latest technology。

  Section C(第二套)

  灾难之后:日本民众仍然淡定

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  平时雨少,山体没有护坡

  48。 Dr。 White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time。 To do this, the team used data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by University of Essex。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  在赵先生看来,暴雨发生后,日本当地政府也采取了一系列有效的救援措施,官方和民间配合得也比较好,整个救灾过程秩序井然。

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one of three state-of-the art (最先进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, 51.but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  在赵先生母亲家里被淹数天后,他看到越来越多的家具被摆放在已经泥泞不堪的道路两旁:粘着黄色泥浆的洗衣机、贴着各自冰箱贴的冰箱、七零八乱的木质家具。在被雨水漫过的道路上,它们显得落寞而破败。

  50。 According to Dr。 White, what should the government do to build more green spaces in cities?

  G) domestic O) sum

  蒋天翼根据自己的观察认为,此次暴雨造成巨大损失也存在一些特殊原因。“尽管冈山县多山,但是历来少雨,所以其居住的房屋后的山体也没有护坡,尽管事发前相关部门有发布过滑坡预警,但是总的来说,当地在这方面的防患意识也比较薄弱。”

  D) The long voyages they were able to undertake。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  紧接着,房屋开始剧烈摇晃,天花板一块一块往下掉。

  B) Add to their sustained happiness。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  山体滑坡了!

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  B) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  7月7日10点半,刚刚到日本冈山读书才9个月的蒋天翼就经历了这样一场惊心动魄的“死里逃生”。

  B) Improve urban planning。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  在蒋天翼逃出住所的一天后,8日,居住在冈山县仓敷市的赵先生的母亲也不得不离开自己的家。

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。 55。 Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935, ending the era of the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners。

  Since the 1940s,southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  平常和妻子住在城里小房子的赵先生,还在为自己母亲寻找新的住处而奔波。“但是排队的人特别多,也没有那么多房子。”11日,他前往当地政府了解相关公宅情况,发现如果政府没有足够的住所提供给母亲,又找不到合适寄住的亲戚,可能其母亲就不得不前往当地的避难所了。赵先生感到有点苦恼。

  D) Their communication with others improved。

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  “我就穿好了外套,把贵重物品放在包里,包就搁在枕头边(已备随时离开)。”蒋天翼凌晨从实验室回住所的路上时,积水已经齐腰。当时饿着肚子的他,在超市便利店也一无所获——由于冈山县提前发布了滑坡预警,很多民众已经搬空了便利店的食物和水,本来想重回学校的他,只能回到居所。

  B) How strong its positive effect is。 D) How it benefits people physically。

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  “日本人对自己的损失很难过,抱怨也有,但不多,日本人都习惯(应灾)了。”蒋天翼说,和中国不一样,很多参与灾后救援的日本军队,由于也是拿工资养家糊口的公务员,当地的民众对其并不抱太大期待。

  Explaining what the data revealed, he said: “what you see is that even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike many other things that we think will make us happy。” 49。 He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less sensible decisions and communicated better。

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  上周,日本气象厅就对日本西部多个地方发布“大雨特别警报”,警告西部地区会受到“数十年一遇”的特大暴雨。结果从5日开始,一共有93个观测站出现史上雨量第一的纪录。短短几日之内,日本西部地区多个地方的降雨量达到整个7月正常降雨量的三倍之多。而蒋天翼所在的冈田县,正是受灾最严重的地区之一。

  55。 What happened to the ship Olympic in the end?

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  7月7日凌晨,蒋天翼睡觉前特意穿好衣服,并把贵重物品放在包里。他用被子裹着自己,因为之前他就有预感:日本西部暴雨引发的泥石流可能会让自己深陷险境。

  53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  情急之下,他迅速将身体贴在地板上匍匐前行,同时使出浑身力气用脚踹着已经在靠近的阳台窗户。

  B) Their captains’ misjudgment。

  Section A

  此前,日本经济新闻也报道称,在受灾严重的冈山县仓敷市,许多人从来没看过政府绘制的“洪水泥石流灾害风险地图”,而此次暴雨导致的水淹区域与“风险地图”中预测的区域几乎完全一致。

  A) Find financial support。

  H) frequently

  穿着衣服睡觉逃过一劫

  52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the three ships?

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  “现在我母亲已经没法在真备町的房子里继续住了,只能在我家将就一下。”赵先生对澎湃新闻说,由于日本的房屋大体为木材构造,在被水浸泡之后往往很难继续居住。

  54。 What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the Britannic?

  D) consumers L) outdoor

图片 2蒋天翼从公寓撤离后,在远处拍摄的滑坡照片。(图片源于澎湃新闻)

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

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