必威官网登录【必威app官网】
做最好的网站

外语留学

当前位置:必威官网登录 > 外语留学 > 2018年6月英语四级阅读真题,英国少数族裔儿童读

2018年6月英语四级阅读真题,英国少数族裔儿童读

来源:http://www.fxjsrl.com 作者:必威官网登录 时间:2019-10-22 06:51

  英国是一个多族裔的国家,但一项研究表明,英国儿童读物中却只有很少的少数族裔角色出现。

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译的最新点评:

  Passage One

图片 1图片源于网络

  公交车

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  据英国《每日电讯报》17日报道,英国初等教育扫盲中心(CLPE)委托进行的研究表明,2017年在英国出版的9115本儿童读物中,只有391本是以少数族裔为特色的,占比只有4%,而主角有少数族裔背景的书籍只占到1%。实际上,根据最新的官方数据显示,英国大约有32.1%的小学生来自少数族裔。研究报告称,英国的人口构成比例与2017年出版的儿童书籍中出现的角色构成严重不对等。少数族裔不应该只扮演打酱油的角色,也不应该被简单定义为斗争、痛苦或异类的代表,相反,他们应该是叙事的“主角”,并且应该对其进行客观真实的描述。

  公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

  Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people’s mental well-being, a study has suggested, UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect, unlike pay rises or promotions, which only provided a short –term boost。 Co-author Mathew White, from the University of Exeter, UK, explained that the study showed people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs of depression or anxiety。 “There could be a number of reasons。” he said, “for example, people do many things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married。 But the trouble with those things is that within six months to a year, people are back to their original baseline levels of well-being。 So, these things are not sustainable; they don’t make us happy in the long term。 We found that for some lottery (彩票) winners who had won more than £500,000 the positive effect was definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to the baseline。”

  据报道,2017年儿童类畅销书作家霍洛维茨表示,他曾被警告过不要创作以黑人为主角的作品。另一青少年间谍小说的作者也说,一位编辑曾告诉他,别写少数族裔做主角的书。报道称,在出版界似乎有一条不成文的规定,白人作家塑造一个黑人角色是不合适的。这明显是人为原因造成的,很可能是赞助商的意思。

  Buses used to be the main tool of transportation for Chinese people。 In recent years, due to the increasing number of private cars, traffic problems in cities are becoming more and more serious。 In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have been striving to improve the service quality of buses。 The facilities of the vehicles have been constantly updated, and the speed has also improved obviously。 However, the price of bus ticket is still quite low。 Nowadays, in most cities, many elderly citizens can take the bus for free。

  Dr。 White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time。 To do this, the team used data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by University of Essex。

  据报道,CLPE首席执行官谢泼德表示,“每个孩子都应该有权利阅读到各种各样的有益书籍。我们需要能够真实反映社会生活的书籍,只有这样才能保证孩子们都能在书中看到自己族裔的身影。”

  点评:此题是当下社会发展类话题,出现了两处较为复杂的状语形式,due to the increasing number of private cars和In order to encourage more people to travel by bus。

  Explaining what the data revealed, he said: “what you see is that even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike many other things that we think will make us happy。” He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less mm sensible decisions and communicated better。

责任编辑:赵润琰-WYX

  大部分的语句使用简单句即可流畅地表达出来。有些副词的拼写需要关注一下,如constantly和obviously。。整体来说,此套题较为简单,皆是我们上课所讲的内容,包括词汇。

  With a growing body of evidence establishing a link between urban green spaces and a positive impact on human well-being。 Dr。 White said, “There’s growing interest among public policy officials, but the trouble is who funds it。 What we really need at a policy level is to decide where the money will come from to help support good quality local green spaces。”

  飞机

  46。 According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?

  过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。

  A) Improve their work efficiency。

  In the past, it could not be believed for most Chinese to travel by air。 Nowadays, with the development of economy and the improved living standards, more and more Chinese people, including many farmers and migrant workers can travel by air。 They can fly to all the big cities, and many other cities are also building airports now。 Air services improve constantly, and there are often many cheap tickets for people。 In recent years, people choosing to travel by air during holidays are increasing continuously。

  B) Add to their sustained happiness。

  点评:本道题,有两处可采用非谓语动词形式(including many farmers and migrant workers和choosing to travel by air during holidays)让句子结构变得简单,同时development即是发展和提高两个词的重复概念处理,统一用development就能表达清楚。整体来讲,难度适中。推荐使用非谓语动词造句。

  C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life。

  (来源:新东方在线)

  D) Lesson their concerns about material well-being。

本文由必威官网登录发布于外语留学,转载请注明出处:2018年6月英语四级阅读真题,英国少数族裔儿童读

关键词: